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Delegation Preparation

  1. Know your country
  2. First and foremost, do as much research as you can to get to know your country inside and out. Knowledge of its history and contemporary political, economic, social characteristics is essential to your ability to represent its interests in foreign policy at the Model UnitedNations.

    In addition to having a firm grasp of the interests and foreign policy of your country, you need to know the elements of its current regional and international relations. Who are its current friends and enemies? With which countries does it share interests and strategies? What role does it play in regional and global international organizations and affairs? This assessment of your country's international situation will guide your diplomatic activity at the meeting of the U.N.

  3. Stay in character
  4. The most exciting and perhaps the most difficult task is to become a diplomat from your country. This has two dimensions. One dimension is that you need to shed your current national identity and way of thinking and become a citizen of another country. When you enter the world of the United Nations you must cease your current citizenship and adopt the citizenship, perspective, outlook and characteristics of the country you represent.

  5. Come with amendments
  6. Once you’ve learned all about your country and prepared yourself to represent it in character, write a few amendments to be proposed during the committee meetings. They can be as simple as striking out a sentence or as complex as adding another action item. Each amendment should be on a separate sheet of paper tobe turned in to the secretary so that (s)he may type it and display it on the projector screen for all to see during discussion.

  7. Know the rules
  8. There are many diplomatic skills necessary to be effective in an international meeting, including engaging in formal debate and developing negotiating skills useful in informal caucusing during refreshment breaks. Carefully read over section XX (found on page YY) to understand the rules and regulations.

    You will also need to be familiar with the United Nations’ institutions, goals and activities. A good place to begin is with theUnited Nations web site at

  9. Act and dress appropriately
  10. What you wear, what you say and how you say it should no longer reflect you as an individual, but rather the country you represent. To achieve this, you will firstly need to comport yourself as a diplomat in what you say, how you say it and in your interaction with other delegates. In particular you are expected to extend the common courtesy of respect and civility both during and apart from debate. Secondly, your appearance reflects on your country. The permissible attire is either business casual or national dress.

Delegation Organization

All delegations are members of each of the three committees and of the GeneralAssembly.

Delegations are composed of from three to six persons with one or two delegates assigned toeach committee. With six persons, the delegation can divide up theresearch needed to develop the personality of the country in particular committees.

It is important to note that while multiple persons are on the delegation incommittee and in the General Assembly, each country (delegation) has one vote only and one representative at the table speaking for the country. However, since each delegate is representing a country and not themselves personally, delegates are free to substitute the person sitting at the table.

This substitution is particularly important during the meeting of the General Assembly. At that meeting, the delegate at the table should be one that represented the country in committee session.

Multiple delegates may also facilitate the more informal aspects of diplomacy in international meetings where a great deal of lobbying and caucusing goes on while formal meetings take place. Multiple delegates allow the country to be represented at the table even as it pursues its interests lobbying other delegations.

While working with multiple delegates it is important to remember that officially each delegation speaks with one voice and casts one vote.

Within these guidelines each delegation is free to organize itself in the best way to achieve the strongest representation for their country.